In this tutorial we're going to look into how we can clean up our local environment of our docker images that we don't use anymore.
Docker is great but some of the downloaded images and containers can take up a lot of space on your computer. Some of these images might be for older projects that you don't even develop on anymore, therefore there's no need to have the image locally. If for whatever reason you need to go back to that project docker allows you to easily download any images that aren't found locally.
Using the command
$ docker system df
You can see how much space is being used by your images, container and volumes.
$ docker system df TYPE TOTAL ACTIVE SIZE RECLAIMABLE Images 23 9 2.62GB 2.007GB (76%) Containers 24 1 28.71MB 28.71MB (100%) Local Volumes 71 6 1.217GB 1.216GB (99%) Build Cache 0 0 0B 0B
As you can see from the above there are 3.2GB that can be reclaimed.
This command is a shortcut that can prune the images, containers and networks.
$ docker system prune WARNING! This will remove: - all stopped containers - all networks not used by at least one container - all dangling images - all dangling build cache Are you sure you want to continue? [y/N] y
This will remove all the containers that aren't in used and all active volumes but there will still be a lot of times left over that might not be in use of any containers.
To delete all images without at least one container associated with them you can use the command
docker image prune -a
$ docker image prune -a WARNING! This will remove all images without at least one container associated to them. Are you sure you want to continue? [y/N] y
If you now run the command
docker system df you'll see that the only images you'll have locally are the active images.
If you want to just remove any stopped container then you can do so by using the container prune command
$ docker container prune WARNING! This will remove all stopped containers. Are you sure you want to continue? [y/N] y
You can even use a
--filter flag that will allow you to only delete containers stopped within a certain time period.
$ docker container prune --filter "until=24h"
If you would like to remove the unused volumes then you can use the command
docker volume prune.
$ docker volume prune WARNING! This will remove all volumes not used by at least one container. Are you sure you want to continue? [y/N] y
After doing all the above you can return to the
docker system df command to save how much space you have saved.
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